This site deals only with the corporate corruption of science, and makes no inference about the motives or activities of individuals involved.
There are many reasons why individuals become embroiled in corporate corruption activities - from political zealotry to over-enthusiastic activism; from gullibility to greed.
Please read the OVERVIEW carefully, and make up your own mind.
Operations of the economists' network
— This is an encapsulated and interpreted version of the original document. If you are in doubt, please compare it to the original. —
James Savarese and Robert Tollison ran a nationwide network of academic economists for the Tobacco Institute. These economists were always on tap to write articles (op-eds) turn up as witnesses at local ordinance hearings, etc. and generally work for the tobacco industry while pretending to be independent of such influences.
They were almost always Professors of Economics at a local university who did not want his name associated with cigarette promotion, or his reputation sullied by known financial links to the cigarette industry. For that reason, their money was washed through James Savarese & Associates, Ogilvy & Mather PR (and its later manifestation, Ogilvy Adams & Reinhart) or Tollison's Center for the Study of Public Choice at George Mason University.
• James Savarese, was a lobbyist specialising in union/labor matters and in economics. He originally began to work for the tobacco industry through Ogilvy & Mather, PR.
He later ran the main network of academic economists across America through his private company, James Savarese & Associates [aka Savarese & Associates]. His partner inthis venture was Robert Tollison, Professor of Economics at George Mason University who's wife, Anne Tollison, and members of the staff of Tollison's GMU think-tank, the Center for the Study of Popular Choice, also worked for Savarese. They ran a network of 50 to 100 academic economists [about 130 were involved at various times] with one or two always available in each state.
It was clearly a very profitable operation for all concerned. They earned between $1000 and $3000 for each article, and $200 to $250 per hour for giving evidence at legislative hearings, ordinance inquiries, or face-to-face meetings with legislators or editors.
At the time this document was written Savarese had merged his company back with the remnants of Ogilvy & Mather which now operated under the name Ogilvy Adams & Reinhart. They had been merged again with Powell Tate, a lobby firm run by Jody Powell and Shiela Tate — and the whole bunch was in the process of being acquired by Cassidy Associates — which itself then became part of the giant media/influence conglomerate, the Interpublic Group of Companies Inc.
1992 Oct 16: Tobacco lobbyists James Savarese and Eric Shulman [of Ogilvy Adams & Reinhart] has written to Martin Gleason at the Tobacco Institute promoting a new project to publicise a book and paper written by Professor Bob Tollison (George Mason University) and Professor Richard Wagner — both long-term tobacco industry lackeys.
The paper attacks the SAMMEC concept [Smoking Attributable Mortality Morbidity and Economic Costs] and the book tries to discredit the figures used in calculating the "social cost' of smoking [external costs, attributable to the society itself and to non-smokers, as a result of smoking — fire, pollution, insurance, absenteeism, medical and hospital, general non-smoker's health, welfare payments, etc.]
These papers and books are written under commission from the Tobacco Institute, and they plan to attack the promotional problem in a number of different and well-tested ways.
We hope this proposed plan is helpful. We would be glad to meet to further discuss these ideas and to develop a timeline for implementing the agreed-upon elements of the project.