This site deals only with the corporate corruption of science, and makes no inference about the motives or activities of individuals involved.
There are many reasons why individuals become embroiled in corporate corruption activities - from political zealotry to over-enthusiastic activism; from gullibility to greed.
Please read the OVERVIEW carefully, and make up your own mind.
John ('Jock') Bruce-Gardyne
— Ex-member for Knutsford in UK House. He was a british Tory Peer and aristocrat —
A United Kingdom Tory aristocrat and politician, who helped the tobacco industry initially for ideological reasons. At a later date he was a paid consultant, while still serving them in the House of Lords — providing advice, and asking loaded questions.
Some key documents
1930 Apr 12: born the son of Captain Evan Bruce-Gardyne, DSO, RN 13th Laird of Middleton, and a member of a Scottish landholding family who have been based in the county of Angus since at least 1008 AD.
1945 /E: He was educated at Winchester and Magdalen College, Oxford;
1953–56: served in the Foreign Office from 1953 to 1956,
1964–74: MP for South Angus between 1964 and 1974,
1970–72: Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for Scotland from 1970-72.
1974 Oct: General Election lost his seat of South Angus So moved 'south of the border' into England.
1979–83: MP for the Cheshire seat of Knutsford in a by-election
1980 May 9: Hon John Bruce-Gardyne was the Member for Knutsford in the British House of Common, opposing public smoking bans. [Hansard]
1981: he served in the Treasury for 21 months, as Minister of State
1981–83: Economic Secretary from 1981-83.
1981 Oct 1: He was the new Minister of State at the Treasury, and was well briefed on the tax harmonisation issues. He replaced Mr Peter Rees in the second year of the Thatcher Government.
An opportunity might be sought, therefore, for a meeting,with–the new Minister when the right time came.
1981 Dec 6: Organising a meeting with Sir James Wilson of the Tobacco Advisory Council. However it was mutually decided to keep it quiet. They are old friend from 'Wykehamist' — the upper-class code name for Winchester College.
1983: his Knutsford constituency disappeared under boundary changes. His seat in the House of Lords followed his failure to be selected for the seat which had partly replaced the old constituency.
1983 Oct 7: He was created a life peer — Baron Bruce-Gardyne of Kirkden in the district of,Angus
1984 Oct 18: He was now the former British Government Minister - now lobbying for the industry
1984 Nov 20: TAC Record of a lunch with Lord Bruce-Gardyne (also AM Reid and Sir James Wilson)
1. The aim of this lunch was to get Lord Bruce-Gardyne's views on the nature and balance of our submissions to the Chancellor which he had the opportunity to study over the weekend. He had not yet a chance of looking at the charts produced in support of these submissions of which I gave him a copy.
2. We now know Lord B-G pretty well; without being formally a member of our supporters' club, he is sympathetic and prepared to help, mainly on the ground that as a good Tory he likes to support those in private industry who are successful and enterprising. His views on the various topics raised were, therefore, expressed as a friend and not in a spirit of carping criticism of our industry.
[This is in a document written for the files... and therefore not to be trusted. It has all the appearance of a confected statement requested by Lord B-G]
- Lord B-G reinforced what he has often said before, ie: that our strongest argument of substance with the Chancellor remains that of employment.
- Lord B-G remarked that he found the import penetration argument a particularly interesting one. He felt that in our submission, though we had made the points effectively enough, we had not perhaps looked sufficiently far forward.
1984 Dec 28: The Secretariat Interim Report and budget for INFOTAB show:
Budget for year: [Belgian Francs 40 = 1 ECU = $2]
- Four senior executives - Antoniette Corti, Hans R Verkerk, Richard Corner, and Bryan Simpson [Sec-General]
- Professors [Stephen C] Littlechild and [Jack] Wiseman have completed "The Political Economy of Restrictions and Choice" [paper and invoice enclosed]
- Bernard 'Niki' Hauser is consultant to FAO (project for DCSG)
- Ingo Walter, Edmund Knight and John Clutterbuck - have done an 18 country study on economic impact of tobacco in Europe. Also videotape.
- IAA has new chairman AE Pitcher of Ogilvy & Mather UK. Continuting support. Will sponsor INFOTAB publications
- Jean Boddewyn [CUNY], Paul de Win (Fed.World Advertisers) and Glen Smith (CRU) will be witnesses in HK at a Jan 8th hearing on advertising.
- News International [Rupert Murdoch] is organizing a meeting of selected company chairmen and advertising principals on cigarette advertising in late April or May
Professional fees for 11 months
- Taxation Projects — BF 2.3m
- Social cost/social values — BF 3.1m
- CATAC (Committee Against Tobacco Advertising Censorship) — BF 1m
- Economic Impact Studies = BF 6.25m = $300,000 approx
- LDC subsidies — BF 2.3m
- International Tobacco Scientist Info. — BF 700k
- Misc other BF 7 m
- Niki Hauser — BF 2,110,207 = $105,000 approx
- Dr [DGI 'Geoff'] Felton — BF 210,300 = $10,000
- Nils Farnert — BF 944,165 = $47,000
- Children's Research Unit [Glen Smith] — BF 42,050 = $2,000
- Hugh Holker — BF 101,000 = $5,000
- Brig Khindaria [The Observer newspaper] — BF 457,750 = $23,000
- Ogilvy & Mather — BF 1,957,075 = $100,000
- Littlechild/Wiseman — BF 387,300 = $20,000 + projected $30,000
- Prof Ingo Walters — BF 702,155 = $35,000 + $46,000 video presentation costs.
- Peida (Econ. Impact Study) BF $.3m = $215,000
- Sir Ronald Radford — BF 33,360 = $ 1,500 + Projected (same again)
- Lord Bruce-Gardyne — consultant — BF 15,800 = $700 approx
- [Tana] Wells Associates — BF 100,500 = $5,000
1986 Jan 14: Debate on Cigarette Smoking in House of Lords.
Lord Airedale: My Lords, I beg leave to ask the Question standing in my name on the Order Paper.
The Question was as follows: To ask Her Majesty's Government whether, since the Commissioners of Customs and Excise recently reported (in Cmnd. 9655) "an increase of nearly 2 per cent. in cigarette clearances" they remain 960 satisfied with their campaign to discourage cigarette smoking.
Baroness Hooper: My Lords, we are in no way complacent on this topic but feel that Government policies have been effective in view of the 20 per cent fall in cigarette consumption since 1978 and the drop of 2.7 per cent. in total cigarette clearances on a calendar year comparison between 1983 and 1984.
Lord Airedale: My Lords, I am much obliged for that Answer, but if the Government see this as a battle between the persuaders, on the one hand, and themselves, the dissuaders, on the other, are they really satisfied that they are winning the battle fast enough?
Baroness Hooper: My Lords, the reductions in cigarette sales are substantial: from 125 billion in 1978 to less than 100 billion in 1984. I believe the noble Lord will be aware that in other countries where there is a total ban on advertising and sports promotion the progress is not as rapid as in this country.
Lord Bruce-Gardyne: My Lords, should my noble friend not be a little careful before taking too seriously the advice from the noble Baroness on the Liberal Benches about controls on smoking in public places, since it has apparently been established by the medical profession that it is not only smoking which is liable to threaten our health and to shorten our lives but also eating, drinking, and even sex? Are we to ban all those things too in public places?
1987 Dec 3: House of Lords debate on Duty-Free Trading and the EC.
Lord Bruce-Gardyne: My Lords, can my noble friend confirm that that Answer makes it clear that in the event of achieving our objective, as we understand it, of a single market in 1992, automatically and logically duty-free facilities will disappear?
1988 June 30: The Smokers Newsletter has an editorial:
We recently finished a book titled "Clearing The Air — Perspectives on Environmental Tobacco Smoke" edited by Robert D Tollison, copyrighted in 1988 by D.C. Heath and Company, and published by Lexington Books.
Every one on this list, with the (possible) exception of Rondou and Bruce-Gardyne, is a well-known, and well-exposed professional lobbyist for the tobacco industry
The book is a collection of subjects relating to the dilemma of tobacco smoke. The twelve authors are a mixture of smokers and non-smokers. The Appendix is very informative. Most importantly, the book is factual.
The authors include names prominent in their respective endeavors. They are: Mark J Reasor, W Allan Crawford, Gray Robertson, Walter E. Williams, Rene Rondou, Jody Powell, R. Emmett Tyrell, Jr, Peter Berger, Burt Neuborne, Lord Bruce-Gardyne, James L Buchanan and Mr Tollison.
- Rene Rondou was the secretary-treasurer of the Bakery, Confectionery and Tobacco Workers (BC&T) union in the USA, who in Oct 26 1970 had been elected as President, Tobacco Workers' International Union.
- Lord Bruce-Gardyne was once the UK Minister Of State For The Treasury (collector of excise taxes). He played a secondary role advising the UK Tobacco Advisory Committee on how to make approaches to the Chancellor of the Exchequer.
1988 Jul 20: Glascow Herald reported that he was still in the House of Lord of the UK parliament
1990 April 15: /E The New York Tomes obit records:
Lord Bruce-Gardyne, a former British Treasury Minister and fierce advocate of monetarism, died on Sunday after a long illness. He was 60 years old.
He served in the Treasury as Minister of State in 1981 and as Economic Secretary from 1981 to 1983. He had also been a foreign correspondent for the Financial Times and worked in the diplomatic service.
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher described him as ''a marvelous colleague, loyal but always retaining an independent mind'' and ''never afraid to challenge orthodoxy.''